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Types of Bunions

Monday, 03 August 2020 00:00

A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe or, occasionally, on the pinky toe. The bunion causes the affected toe to point towards the other toes, instead of pointing straight ahead. Bunions may be painful, making it difficult to walk, stand, wear your typical shoes, or do your usual daily activities. There are two main types of bunions, although many bunions can be a combination of both types. A positional bunion is caused by the joint enlarging as new bone grows. This stretches the outer covering of the joint and pushes the big toe towards the smaller ones, eventually pulling the big toe out of alignment. A structural bunion is caused by the angle between the bone of the big toe and second toe being larger than normal. This can also push the big toe towards the smaller toes. Regardless of the type of bunion you may have, it is recommended that you seek treatment from a podiatrist.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Jeffrey Bruening of Bruening Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Covina and Alta Loma, CA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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